Gaucher Disease : GBA Sequencing

Test Information

GBA sequencing is a molecular test used to identify variants in the gene associated with Gaucher Disease.

Turnaround Time

3 weeks

CPT Code(s)

81479

Cost

$1,000

Genes

Clinical Information

Gaucher disease, a lysosomal storage disorder, can present with a wide spectrum of severity ranging from a perinatal lethal phenotype to asymptomatic. There are three primary types with two additional subtypes, all categorized by differences in the clinical presentation of the patient. Hepatosplenomegaly, pulmonary disease, and cytopenia are also common for most types of Gaucher disease.

Patients with Gaucher disease type 1 have varying degrees and types of bone disease as the primary feature, but do not have any central nervous system involvement. Gaucher disease types 2 and 3 present with primary neurologic disease. Type 2 and 3 are distinguished based on age of onset and disease progression. Patients with type 2 typically have an earlier onset before age 2, rapid disease progression, and early death. Type 3 is characterized by a slower disease course with patients living into adulthood. Neurologic findings for types 2 & 3 include bulbar signs, pyramidal signs, oculomotor apraxia, seizures, as well as dementia and ataxia in later disease stages. The perinatal lethal form may present as nonimmune hydrops fetalis or with pyramidal neurologic signs and ichthyosiform skin changes. The cardiovascular form is characterized by primarily by calcification of mitral and aortic values with other minor findings.

Indications

Biomarker analysis of chitotriosidase can be used to monitor disease progression for affected individuals including those receiving enzyme replacement therapy.

Methodology

Sanger Sequencing

Specimen Requirements

5 to 7 ml of peripheral blood collected in an EDTA (lavender top) tube is the preferred specimen type. The minimal blood needed for reliable DNA isolation is 3 ml. Extracted DNA, dried blood spots, and saliva are also accepted for this test.

Transport Instructions

The specimen should be kept at room temperature and delivered via overnight shipping. If shipment is delayed by one or two days, the specimen should be refrigerated and shipped at room temperature. Do not freeze the specimen. Samples collected on Friday can be safely designated for Monday delivery.

Prenatal Testing Information

Prenatal diagnosis is available if the familial mutations are known. Additional fees for cell culture and maternal cell contamination may apply. Maternal cell contamination studies are required for all prenatal molecular tests. Contact the laboratory prior to sending a prenatal specimen.

Have Questions Need Support?

Call our laboratory at 1-800-473-9411 or contact one of our Laboratory Genetic Counselors for assistance.
Robin Fletcher, MS, CGC
Kellie Walden, MS, CGC

Molecular Testing, Sanger Sequencing
Meet Reggie Roper

Meet Reggie Roper

Reggie has been part of the GGC family for over 18 years. He has short stature, webbing of his hands, pulmonary stenosis, seizures and hydrocephalus along with developmental delay. He carried an initial diagnosis of cardiofaciocutaneous (CFC) syndrome; however, as genetic testing advanced, GGC made the diagnosis of Noonan-like syndrome with loose anagen hair by identifying a mutation in the SHOC2 gene. He is also an active participant in the Greenwood Community Theatre's Penguin Project. "GGC is...

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