Fabry Disease : GLA Sequencing

Test Information

GLA sequencing is a molecular test used to identify variants in the gene associated with Fabry Disease.

Turnaround Time

2 weeks

CPT Code(s)

81405

Cost

$1,000

Genes

Disorders

Clinical Information

Fabry disease is a lysosomal storage disorder in which absent or reduced production of alpha-galactosidase A leads to the systemic accumulation of globotriaoslyceramide. Total absence of enzyme production results in the more severe, classic form of Fabry disease, while reduced production of alpha-galactosidase A typically often involves milder symptoms that appear later in life. Episodic pain, angiokeratosis, and hypohydrosis are frequently seen in patients with Fabry disease as well as corneal clouding and hearing loss. Gastrointestinal issues and breathing problems are common, and complications including cardiac abnormalities, kidney disease, and strokes can be life-threatening. Although Fabry disease is an X-linked disorder that primarily affects males, carrier females may become symptomatic. This condition occurs in approximately 1 in 55,000 males, and the development of enzyme replacement therapy has greatly improved the prognosis for many patients.

Indications

Molecular testing is useful to confirm the diagnosis and to identify the disease causing mutations within a family to allow for carrier testing and prenatal diagnosis.

Methodology

Sanger Sequencing

Specimen Requirements

5 to 7 ml of peripheral blood collected in an EDTA (lavender top) tube is the preferred specimen type. The minimal blood needed for reliable DNA isolation is 3 ml. Extracted DNA, dried blood spots, and saliva are also accepted for this test.

Transport Instructions

The specimen should be kept at room temperature and delivered via overnight shipping. If shipment is delayed by one or two days, the specimen should be refrigerated and shipped at room temperature. Do not freeze the specimen. Samples collected on Friday can be safely designated for Monday delivery.

Prenatal Testing Information

Prenatal diagnosis is available if the familial mutations are known. Additional fees for cell culture and maternal cell contamination may apply. Maternal cell contamination studies are required for all prenatal molecular tests. Contact the laboratory prior to sending a prenatal specimen.

Have Questions Need Support?

Call our laboratory at 1-800-473-9411 or contact one of our Laboratory Genetic Counselors for assistance.
Robin Fletcher, MS, CGC
Kellie Walden, MS, CGC

Molecular Testing, Sanger Sequencing
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