Congenital Disorder of Glycosylation 1a : PMM2 Sequencing

Test Information

PMM2 sequencing is a molecular test used to identify variants in the gene associated with Congenital Disorder of Glycosylation 1a.

Turnaround Time

3 weeks

CPT Code(s)

81479

Cost

$1,000

Genes

Clinical Information

Congenital disorder of glycosylation (CDG) Ia is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of phosphomannomutase. This enzyme normally catalyzes the conversion of mannose-6-phosphate to mannose-1-phosphate. This step is required for the addition of N-linked sugars to proteins. Patients will present with hypotonia and developmental delay along with other symptoms including failure to thrive, abnormal fat distribution, seizures, stroke-like episodes and/or esotropia. Clinical presentation ranges from significantly affected infants to adolescents and adults with more minor involvement.

Indications

Molecular testing is useful to confirm the diagnosis and to identify the disease causing mutations within a family to allow for carrier testing and prenatal diagnosis.

Methodology

Sanger Sequencing

Detection

Sequencing of the gene will detect over 95% of the causative mutations in patients with CDG Ia.

Specimen Requirements

The preferred sample type is peripheral blood collected in an EDTA (purple top) tube – at least 2-3ml for pediatric patients and 5-6ml for adult patients. Extracted DNA, dried blood spots, and saliva are also accepted for this test. Saliva samples must be submitted in an approved saliva kit. Contact the lab to receive a saliva kit or to have one sent to your patient.

Transport Instructions

The specimen should be kept at room temperature and delivered via overnight shipping. If shipment is delayed by one or two days, the specimen should be refrigerated and shipped at room temperature. Do not freeze the specimen. Samples collected on Friday can be safely designated for Monday delivery.

Prenatal Testing Information

Prenatal diagnosis is available if the familial mutations are known. Additional fees for cell culture and maternal cell contamination may apply. Maternal cell contamination studies are required for all prenatal molecular tests. Contact the laboratory prior to sending a prenatal specimen.

Have Questions? Need Support?

Call our laboratory at 1-800-473-9411 or contact one of our Laboratory Genetic Counselors for assistance.
Robin Fletcher, MS, CGC
Kellie Walden, MS, CGC

Molecular Testing, Sanger Sequencing
Meet Makayla Gunn

Meet Makayla Gunn

Makayla was diagnosed with Rett Syndrome in April of 2015 at the age of two.   At about 18 months, we noticed she had started some repetitive hand motions, and her pediatrician was a little concerned that she did not have many words.  She had learned some sign language, and was saying ‘mama’ and ‘dada’, but that was it.  Then she suddenly stopped all of that.  At her 2 year old check-up, the pediatrician referred us to BabyNet, ...

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